Association between the Malnutrition-Inflammation Score and depressive symptoms in kidney transplanted patients

Maria E. Czira, Anett V. Lindner, Lilla Szeifert, Miklos Z. Molnar, Katalin Fornadi, Andrea Kelemen, Gergely Laszlo, Istvan Mucsi, Andras P. Keszei, Sidney H. Kennedy, Marta Novak*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objective: Depressive symptoms and the Malnutrition-Inflammation Complex Syndrome (MICS) are prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease. The complex relationship between MICS and depression has never been studied in kidney transplanted (Tx) patients. Here we evaluate the association between the Malnutrition-Inflammation Score (MIS) (Kalantar score) and depressive symptoms in Tx patients. Methods: Cross-sectional data of 973 prevalent Tx patients were analyzed. Sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics and clinical and laboratory data were collected, and serum levels of inflammatory markers [C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)] were measured. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale, the MIS and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) were computed. We used linear regression analysis to examine whether the relationship between MIS and CES-D score is independent from sociodemographic and laboratory parameters. Results: The CES-D score, corrected for age, gender and estimated glomerular filtration rate weakly but significantly correlated with serum IL-6 and the CCI (0.124 and 0.103, respectively; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-165
JournalGeneral Hospital Psychiatry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Depression
  • Malnutrition
  • Inflammation
  • Kidney transplant
  • Malnutrition-Inflammation Score

Cite this