Association Between Nursing Support Levels and Effectiveness of Golimumab in the Management of Patients with Rheumatologic Diseases

H. Leroi*, V. Badot, F. De Keyser, M. Devinck, P. Geusens, S. Kleimberg, C. Swinnen, C. Roggeman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction The main objective of this study was to assess the level of nursing support received by biologic-naive rheumatological patients treated with golimumab during their first cycle. Methods Adult patients (N = 119; aged 46.9 +/- 13.4 years (mean +/- standard deviation); 49.6% males), with rheumatoid arthritis (N = 40), ankylosing spondylitis (N = 58) or psoriatic arthritis (N = 21), and treated with golimumab (first tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitor) during a first reimbursement cycle were included by 17 Belgian centers. Patients were categorized in three levels of nursing support (intense, medium, or low). They filled in a non-validated and exploratory questionnaire about satisfaction, quality, and helpfulness of information. Results The nursing support was considered intense, medium, or low for 98 (82.4%), 10 (8.4%), and 11 (9.2%) patients, respectively. All disease activity scores improved versus baseline, and 90% of the patients qualified for treatment prolongation without major differences between nursing level groups. The proportion of patients able to self-inject golimumab was 88, 90, and 73% in the intense, medium, and low support groups, respectively. Satisfaction was high in all three nursing support groups. Conclusions This prospective open-label study has confirmed the short-term effectiveness of golimumab in three rheumatological diseases, with most of the patients qualifying for reimbursement renewal. The limited sample size and the fact that the vast majority of patients benefited from an intense nursing support did not allow drawing definite conclusions concerning the impact of the nursing level on the treatment effectiveness and changes in the disease activity. Nurses seem however to play a crucial role in this short-term study but this remains to be confirmed in a longer-term study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-413
Number of pages13
JournalRheumatology and Therapy
Early online date2 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020


  • ankylosing spondylitis
  • ankylosing-spondylitis
  • antibody
  • arthritis
  • belgium
  • efficacy
  • golimumab
  • necrosis-factor-alpha
  • needs
  • nursing
  • psoriatic arthritis
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • safety
  • therapy
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Golimumab
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Nursing
  • Belgium
  • Rheumatoid arthritis


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