Assessing Facets of Mindfulness in the Context of Work: The Mindfulness@Work Scale as a Work-Specific, Multidimensional Measure of Mindfulness

Ute R. Hülsheger*, Hugo J. E. M. Alberts

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The mindfulness at work literature lacks a multi‐faceted measure of mindfulness that is applicable in the work context. Building on predominantly clinically oriented, multi‐faceted mindfulness measures, we aimed to develop and validate such a measure and to provide first insights into differential validities of mindfulness subfacets for work outcomes. Data from seven work samples (overall n = 4,977) provided support that (a) a 4‐factor structure representing the subfacets of Describing, Nonreactivity, Nonjudging, and Act with Awareness replicates across samples; (b) subfacets and overall scale have good internal consistency and retest reliability; (c) the measure demonstrates convergent and discriminant validity; (d) it demonstrates criterion‐related validity for well‐being, motivational, and interpersonal work outcomes; (e) the Mindfulness@Work Scale explains variance in outcome variables above a unidimensional measures of mindfulness supporting its incremental validity. Furthermore, relative weights and incremental validity analyses revealed differential validities of subfacets of the Mindfulness@Work Scale in relation to positive psychological states versus psychological distress. Overall, findings suggest that the Mindfulness@Work Scale has good psychometric properties and that a differentiation of subfacets provides novel insights into the role of mindfulness for work outcomes
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages56
JournalApplied Psychology: an international review
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • SELF-REPORT
  • EMOTION REGULATION
  • ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP
  • SLEEP QUALITY
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • VALIDATION
  • VALIDITY
  • WORKPLACE
  • AWARENESS
  • CONSTRUCT

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