Aspirin Alone Versus Dual Antiplatelet Therapy After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: A Systematic Review and Patient-Level Meta-Analysis

Jorn Brouwer*, Vincent J. Nijenhuis, Josep Rodes-Cabau, Eugenio Stabile, Marco Barbanti, Giuliano Costa, Bakhtawar K. Mahmoodi, Jurrien M. ten Berg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background

In patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation without an indication for oral anticoagulation, it is unclear whether single or dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is necessary to minimize both the bleeding and thromboembolic risk. In this patient-level meta-analysis, we further investigate the effect of aspirin alone compared with DAPT for preventing both thromboembolic and bleeding events after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Methods and Results

We conducted a systematic review of all available randomized controlled trials comparing aspirin with DAPT. In total, 1086 patients were included across 4 eligible trials. The primary outcomes were the composite of all-cause mortality, major or life-threatening bleeding, stroke or myocardial infarction (first composite outcome), and the same composite excluding bleeding (second composite outcome), both tested at 30 days and 3 months. The first composite outcome occurred significantly less in the aspirin-alone group at 30 days (10.3% versus 14.7%, odds ratio [OR], 0.67; 95% CI, 0.46-0.97, P=0.034) and 3 months (11.0% versus 16.5%, hazard ratio [HR], 0.66; 95% CI, 0.47-0.94, P=0.02), compared with the DAPT group. The second composite outcome occurred in 5.5% and 6.6% at 30 days (OR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.50-1.38, P=0.47) and in 6.9% and 8.5% at 3 months in the aspirin-alone group compared with the DAPT group (HR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.52-1.29, P=0.39), respectively.

Conclusions

In patients without an indication for oral anticoagulation undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation, aspirin alone significantly reduced the composite of thromboembolic and bleeding events, and does not increase the composite of thromboembolic events after transcatheter aortic valve implantation, compared with DAPT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number019604
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • REPLACEMENT
  • aspirin
  • dual antiplatelet therapy
  • transcatheter aortic valve implantation
  • ESC
  • DISEASE

Cite this