Are children with cystic fibrosis who are treated with a proton-pump inhibitor at risk for vitamin B(12) deficiency?

H. ter Heide, J.J.E. Hendriks, H. Heijmans, P.P.C.A. Menheere, L.J.M. Spaapen, J.A. Bakker, Ph. Forget

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Abstract

Are children with cystic fibrosis who are treated with a proton-pump inhibitor at risk for vitamin B(12) deficiency?

ter Heide H, Hendriks HJ, Heijmans H, Menheere PP, Spaapen LJ, Bakker JA, Forget PP.

Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

BACKGROUND: In a recent study, the authors demonstrated the beneficial effect of proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) on fat malabsorption and bone mineral content in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Prolonged use of PPI could result in vitamin B(12) deficiency as a consequence of impaired release of vitamin B(12) from food in a nonacid environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the vitamin B 12 status of CF patients either treated with a PPI or not by measuring vitamin B(12) and homocysteine blood levels, the latter being a sensitive indicator of vitamin B(12) deficiency. METHODS: The study population consisted of 20 CF patients, 11 patients treated with a PPI for at least 2 years and 9 patients not treated with a PPI, and 10 healthy, age-matched control participants. Homocysteine blood levels were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography, and vitamin B(12) levels were measured by a competitive protein-binding assay. RESULTS: Vitamin B(12) levels were significantly higher in both CF groups compared with the control participants (PPI+, P = 0.02; PPI-, P = 0.009). There was no significant difference in vitamin B(12) levels between both CF groups. Homocysteine levels were normal and similar in all groups. CONCLUSIONS: Cystic fibrosis patients treated with a PPI for at least 2 years show no signs of vitamin B(12) deficiency
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-345
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

Cite this

ter Heide, H., Hendriks, J. J. E., Heijmans, H., Menheere, P. P. C. A., Spaapen, L. J. M., Bakker, J. A., & Forget, P. (2001). Are children with cystic fibrosis who are treated with a proton-pump inhibitor at risk for vitamin B(12) deficiency? Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 33(3), 342-345. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005176-200109000-00023