Apoptosis and chemokine induction after renal ischemia-reperfusion

M.A.R.C. Daemen, B. de Vries, C. van 't Veer, T.G.A.M. Wolfs, W.A. Buurman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Apoptosis and chemokine induction after renal ischemia-reperfusion.

Daemen MA, de Vries B, van't Veer C, Wolfs TG, Buurman WA.

Department of General Surgery of the University of Maastricht, The Netherlands.

BACKGROUND: One of the earliest prerequisites for the development of inflammation after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is local chemokine expression. We recently demonstrated that apoptosis, characterized by intracellular caspase-activation, contributes to the development of inflammation after I/R. METHODS: The contribution of apoptosis was investigated using the pan-caspase inhibitor Z-Val-Ala-Asp(OMe)-CH2F in a murine model of renal I/R. Renal expression of the chemokines macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) and KC was studied using RT-PCR and immunohistology. Measuring myeloperoxidase activity and serum ureum and creatinine levels assessed neutrophil influx and kidney dysfunction. RESULTS: We demonstrate renal up-regulation of KC and MIP-2 after 1 to 16 hr of reperfusion. Treatment with the caspase inhibitor Z-Val-Ala-Asp(OMe)-CH2F effectively prevented I/R-induced renal apoptosis, KC, and MIP-2 up-regulation after 2 hr of reperfusion as well as neutrophil influx and functional impairment after 24 hr of reperfusion. CONCLUSIONS: These data for the first time show that chemokine induction following I/R is dependent on caspase activation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1007-1011
Number of pages7
JournalTransplantation
Volume71
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

Cite this