Introduction: There is a need for detailed data on early antibody responses against SARS-CoV-2 as this may contribute to the prediction of the clinical course of COVID-19 and the optimization of convalescent plasma treatment. This study aims to gain insight into developing antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 in health care workers (HCWs) infected in the first wave of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in the Netherlands.Materials and methods: In this retrospective analysis, sera from PCR-confirmed COVID-19 positive HCWs are included at the time of the initial PCR (T = 0, n = 95) and at least 21 days after the initial serum (T >= 21, n = 133). This study assesses correlations between qualitative total Ig, IgM, IgA, IgG, and quantitative anti-S-RBD antibody responses and participant characteristics.Results: Higher Ct values were associated with higher antibody positivity rates for total Ig (OR 1.261 (95% CI 1.095-1.452)), IgM (OR 1.373 (95% CI 1.125-1.675)), and IgA (OR 1.222 (95% CI 1.013-1.475)). Gender was predictive of IgM and IgA antibody positivity rates at T = 0 (OR 0.018 (95% CI 0.001-0.268)) and (OR 0.070 (95% CI 0.008-0.646)). At T >= 21, a substantial proportion of HCWs developed IgM (103/133; 77.4%) and total Ig (128/133; 96.2%) antibodies. IgA and IgG seroconversions were observed in only 51.1% (67/131) and 55.7% (73/131) of HCWs. Anti-S-RBD responses were higher when the interval between onset of symptoms and sampling was longer.Conclusion: The findings of this study give insight into early antibody responses and may have implications for the selection of convalescent plasma donors and the further development of monoclonal antibody treatment.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Virology Plus|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2022|