Anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy in patients with inflammatory bowel disease; comorbidity, not patient age, is a predictor of severe adverse events

Vera E. R. Asscher*, Quirine van der Vliet, Karen van der Aalst, Anniek van der Aalst, Eelco C. Brand, Andrea E. van der Meulen-de Jong, Bas Oldenburg, Marieke J. Pierik, Bas van Tuyl, Nofel Mahmmod, P. W. Jeroen Maljaars, Herma H. Fidder, Dutch ICC

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Purpose To assess safety and effectiveness of anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy in IBD patients >= 60 years. Methods Ninety IBD patients >= 60 years at initiation of anti-TNF therapy, 145 IBD patients >= 60 years without anti-TNF therapy and 257 IBD patients <60 years at initiation of anti-TNF therapy were retrospectively included in this multicentre study. Primary outcome was the occurrence of severe adverse events (SAEs), serious infections and malignancies. Secondary outcome was effectiveness of therapy. Cox regression analyses were used to assess differences in safety and effectiveness. In safety analyses, first older patients with and without anti-TNF therapy and then older and younger patients with anti-TNF therapy were assessed. Results In older IBD patients, the use of anti-TNF therapy was associated with serious infections (aHR 3.920, 95% CI 1.185-12.973,p= .025). In anti-TNF-exposed patients, cardiovascular disease associated with serious infections (aHR 3.279, 95% CI 1.098-9.790,p= .033) and the presence of multiple comorbidities (aHR 9.138 (1.248-66.935),p= .029) with malignancies, while patient age did not associate with safety outcomes. Effectiveness of therapy was not affected by age or comorbidity. Conclusion Older patients receiving anti-TNF therapy have a higher risk of serious infections compared with older IBD patients without anti-TNF therapy, but not compared with younger patients receiving anti-TNF therapy. However, in anti-TNF-exposed patients, comorbidity was found to be an indicator with regards to SAEs. Effectiveness was comparable between older and younger patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2331-2338
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Volume35
Issue number12
Early online date28 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Biologicals
  • Elderly
  • Co-morbidity
  • ANTI-TNF THERAPY
  • ELDERLY-PATIENTS
  • CROHNS-DISEASE
  • CHEMOTHERAPY
  • INFECTIONS
  • INFLIXIMAB
  • COLITIS
  • CANCER
  • SAFETY
  • RISK

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