ANTI-HSP60 and ANTI-HSP70 antibody levels and micro/ macrovascular complications in type 1 diabetes: the EURODIAB Study

G. Gruden, G. Bruno, N. Chaturvedi, D. Burt, S. Pinach, C. Schalkwijk, C.D. Stehouwer, D.R. Witte, J.H. Fuller, P. Cavallo Perin

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    Abstract

    Objectives. The heat shock proteins 60 and 70 (HSP60, HSP70) play an important role in cytoprotection. Under stress conditions they are released into the circulation and elicit an immune response. Anti-HSP60 and anti-HSP70 antibody levels have been associated with cardiovascular disease. Type 1 diabetes is associated with a greatly increased risk of micro- and macrovascular complications. Therefore, we investigated whether anti-HSP60 and anti-HSP70 antibody levels were associated with micro- and macrovascular complications in type 1 diabetic patients. Design. A cross-sectional nested case-control study from the EURODIAB Study of 531 type 1 diabetic patients was performed. Subjects. Cases (n = 363) were defined as those with one or more complications of diabetes; control subjects (n = 168) were all those with no evidence of any complication. We measured anti-HSP60 and anti-HSP70 antibody levels and investigated their cross-sectional associations with diabetic complications. Results. Anti-HSP70 antibody levels were significantly greater in control than in case subjects, whereas anti-HSP60 antibody levels were similar in the two groups. In logistic regression analysis, anti-HSP70 levels in the upper quartiles were associated with a 47% reduced odds ratio of micro/macrovascular complications, independently of conventional risk factors, markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction [odds ratio(OR) = 0.53, 95% confidence intervals(CI): 0.28-1.02]. Conclusions. In this large cohort of type 1 diabetic subjects, we found an independent and inverse association between serum anti-HSP70 antibody levels and diabetic micro/macrovascular complications. This suggests that anti-HSP70 antibody levels may be a novel marker of protection from chronic diabetic complications.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)527-536
    JournalJournal of Internal Medicine
    Volume266
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

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