Antenatal glucocorticoids counteract LPS changes in TGF-beta pathway and caveolin-1 in ovine fetal lung

Jennifer J. P. Collins, Steffen Kunzmann, Elke Kuypers, Matthew W. Kemp, Christian P. Speer, John P. Newnham, Suhas G. Kallapur, Alan H. Jobe, Boris W. Kramer*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Collins JJ, Kunzmann S, Kuypers E, Kemp MW, Speer CP, Newnham JP, Kallapur SG, Jobe AH, Kramer BW. Antenatal glucocorticoids counteract LPS changes in TGF-beta pathway and caveolin-1 in ovine fetal lung. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 304: L438-L444, 2013. First published January 18, 2013; doi:10.1152/ajplung.00251.2012.-Inflammation and antenatal glucocorticoids, the latter given to mothers at risk for preterm birth, affect lung development and may contribute to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The effects of the combined exposures on inflammation and antenatal glucocorticoids on transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta signaling are unknown. TGF-beta and its downstream mediators are implicated in the etiology of BPD. Therefore, we asked whether glucocorticoids altered intra-amniotic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) effects on TGF-beta expression, its signaling molecule phosphorylated sma and mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2 (pSmad2), and the downstream mediators connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and caveolin-1 (Cav-1). Ovine singleton fetuses were randomized to receive either an intra-amniotic injection of LPS and/or maternal betamethasone (BTM) intramuscularly 7 and/or 14 days before delivery at 120 days gestational age (GA; term = 150 days GA). Saline was used for controls. Protein levels of TGF-beta 1 and -beta 2 were measured by ELISA. Smad2 phosphorylation was assessed by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. CTGF and Cav-1 mRNA and protein levels were determined by RT-PCR and Western blot. Free TGF-beta 1 and -beta 2 and total TGF-beta 1 levels were unchanged after LPS and/or BTM exposure, although total TGF-beta 2 increased in animals exposed to BTM 7 days before LPS. pSmad2 immunostaining increased 7 days after LPS exposure although pSmad2 protein expression did not increase. Similarly, CTGF mRNA and protein levels increased 7 days after LPS exposure as Cav-1 mRNA and protein levels decreased. BTM exposure before LPS prevented CTGF induction and Cav-1 downregulation. This study demonstrated that the intrauterine inflammation-induced TGF-beta signaling can be inhibited by antenatal glucocorticoids in fetal lungs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L438-L444
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology-Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume304
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

Keywords

  • bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  • prematurity
  • chorioamnionitis
  • lung development
  • intrauterine infection
  • lipopolysaccharide
  • transforming growth factor-beta

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