Animal Verbal Fluency and Design Fluency in school-aged children: effects of age, sex, and mean level of parental education, and regression-based normative data

W. van der Elst, P. Hurks, R. Wassenberg, C. Meijs, J. Jolles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Animal Verbal Fluency (AVF) and Design Fluency (DF) structured and unstructured test versions were administered to N = 294 healthy native Dutch-speaking children who were aged between 6.56 and 15.85 years. The AVF and DF structured test scores increased linearly as a function of age, whilst the relation between age and the DF unstructured test score was curvilinear (i.e., the improvement in test scores was much more pronounced for younger children than for older children). A higher mean level of parental education was associated with significantly higher AVF and DF structured test scores. Sex was not associated with any of the outcomes. Demographically corrected norms for the AVF and DF tests were established, and an automatic scoring program was provided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1005-1015
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Fluency development
  • Executive functions
  • Demographic influences
  • Continuous norms
  • EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS
  • WORD FLUENCY
  • NONVERBAL FLUENCY
  • ATTENTION
  • LESIONS
  • NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
  • PERFORMANCE
  • DISORDER
  • DEFICIT
  • SCORES

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