Andres: The Unfinished Business of a Seemingly Selective Non-Advantage. Case C-203/16 P Dirk Andres v European Commission: Annotation on the Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber) of 28 June 2018 in Case C-203/16 P Dirk Andres v European Commission

Raymond Luja*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic


The Andres judgement has often been seen as a Milestone on selectivity, but in essence it is not. It rather deals with the absence of an advantage. In this contribution the author revisits Andres and concludes that, from a transactional perspective set forth in Sigma Alimentos Exterior, the outcome could well have been different. He also points out that Andres opened up a loophole to the state aid regime that could be exploited by providing targeted relief to over-inclusive anti-abuse measures. He concludes that it is primarily up to national legislators and domestic courts to guard against disproportional tax measures.
Milestones Preview: this annotation is based on a chapter of the upcoming second edition of the book 'Milestones in State Aid Case Law' (Lexxion 2022).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)578-584
JournalEuropean State Aid Law Quarterly
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • advantage
  • selectivity
  • tax measure
  • anti-abuse measure

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