An oscillating computational model can track pseudo-rhythmic speech by using linguistic predictions

Sanne ten Oever*, Andrea E. Martin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Neuronal oscillations putatively track speech in order to optimize sensory processing. However, it is unclear how isochronous brain oscillations can track pseudo-rhythmic speech input. Here we propose that oscillations can track pseudo-rhythmic speech when considering that speech time is dependent on content-based predictions flowing from internal language models. We show that temporal dynamics of speech are dependent on the predictability of words in a sentence. A computational model including oscillations, feedback, and inhibition is able to track pseudo-rhythmic speech input. As the model processes, it generates temporal phase codes, which are a candidate mechanism for carrying information forward in time. The model is optimally sensitive to the natural temporal speech dynamics and can explain empirical data on temporal speech illusions. Our results suggest that speech tracking does not have to rely only on the acoustics but could also exploit ongoing interactions between oscillations and constraints flowing from internal language models.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere68066
Number of pages25
JournalElife
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • NEURONAL OSCILLATIONS
  • WORD-FREQUENCY
  • CORTICAL ENTRAINMENT
  • PHASE PRECESSION
  • TIME
  • PERCEPTION
  • LANGUAGE
  • BRAIN
  • INFORMATION
  • RESPONSES

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