An open-source toolbox for measuring dynamic video framerates and synchronizing video stimuli with neural and behavioral responses

Benjamin G Schultz*, Emmanuel Biau, Sonja A Kotz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Researchers rely on the specified capabilities of their hardware and software even though, in reality, these capabilities are often not achieved. Considering that the number of experiments examining neural oscillations has increased steadily, easy-to-implement tools for testing the capabilities of hardware and software are necessary.

NEW METHOD: We present an open-source MATLAB toolbox, the Schultz Cigarette Burn Toolbox (SCiBuT) that allows users to benchmark the capabilities of their visual display devices and align neural and behavioral responses with veridical timing of visual stimuli. Specifically, the toolbox marks the corners of the display with black or white squares to indicate the timing of the onset of static images and the timing of frame changes within videos. Using basic hardware (i.e., a photodiode, an Arduino microcontroller, and an analogue input box), the light changes in the corner of the screen can be captured and synchronized with EEG recordings and/or behavioral responses.

RESULTS: We demonstrate that the SCiBuT is sensitive to framerate inconsistencies and provide examples of hardware setups that are suboptimal for measuring fine timing. Finally, we show that inconsistencies in framerate during video presentation can affect EEG oscillations.

CONCLUSIONS: The SCiBuT provides tools to benchmark framerates and frame changes and to synchronize frame changes with neural and behavioral signals. This is the first open-source toolbox that can perform these functions. The SCiBuT can be freely downloaded (www.band-lab.com\scibut) and be used during experimental trials to improve the accuracy and precision of timestamps to ensure videos are presented at the intended framerate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108830
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
Volume343
Early online date27 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Oscillations
  • Video presentation
  • EEG
  • MATLAB toolbox
  • Visual stimuli
  • Steady-state evoked potentials
  • Entrainment
  • VISUAL-CORTEX
  • SPEECH
  • OSCILLATIONS
  • PERCEPTION
  • ENTRAINMENT
  • MACAQUE
  • PHASE

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