An Exploratory Study of the Development and Pilot Testing of an Interactive Visual Tool of Neuropsychological Test Results in Memory Clinics

A.A.A. Gruters, I.H.G.B. Ramakers*, A.P.M. Stiekema, F.R.J. Verhey, R.P.C. Kessels, M.E. de Vugt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: Neuropsychological feedback is an important part of the neuropsychological assessment process. However, patients have difficulties remembering this information.Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a web-based visual tool to improve the understanding of neuropsychological results, information retention, and psychologist-patient communication.Methods: The visual tool was developed and optimized using an iterative three-phase stepwise approach to determine its usability, technology acceptance, and feasibility in a memory clinic population. Feedback from different user perspectives (patients, family members, and psychologists) was obtained in each phase using a multimethod approach (e.g. a multidisciplinary brainstorm session, think-aloud sessions, focus groups). The prototype was subsequently tested in a pilot study.Results: The first phases offered insights that led to optimization of the prototype. On a scale ranging from 0 to 100, psychologists evaluated the usability as high [88.1 +/- 7.6,70-87]. During the pilot study, both patients and significant others gave positive feedback, but information retention in patients remained low. All participants thought the benefits of the visual tool included seeing cognitive strengths and weaknesses with a translation to daily life all at one glance and receiving feedback on paper to take home. Important barriers were mentioned by psychologists, such as a limited set of tests included and no integration with hospital systems.Conclusion: Overall, patients, family members, and psychologists reported that a visual display of the cognitive profile with insights into daily life had added value to clinical practice. Feedback from the pilot study was adopted in the tool for future implementation purposes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1157-1170
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • communication
  • dementia
  • education
  • enhance recall
  • impact
  • information provision
  • instructions
  • neuropsychological tests
  • neuropsychology
  • normative data
  • participants aged 24-81
  • pictographs
  • satisfaction
  • visual aids
  • PICTOGRAPHS
  • EDUCATION
  • Communication
  • INSTRUCTIONS
  • IMPACT
  • SATISFACTION
  • PARTICIPANTS AGED 24-81
  • INFORMATION PROVISION
  • ENHANCE RECALL
  • NORMATIVE DATA
  • COMMUNICATION

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