Objective Sepsis is a serious disease leading to high mortality. Early recognition is important because treatment is most effective when started quickly. The primary aim of this retrospective cohort study was to assess how many sepsis patients are documented as septic by ambulance staff. The secondary aims were to investigate how many sepsis patients are transported by ambulance, to compare them with patients transported otherwise, to investigate which factors influence documentation of sepsis and to assess whether documentation influences mortality.
Methods We retrieved all data from ambulance and emergency department charts of patients who visited the internist in the emergency department from March 2011 to July 2012.
Results In total, 47.4% (n=363) sepsis patients were transported by ambulance. These patients were older (71.5 vs. 55.7 years, P
Conclusion Ambulance patients are seriously ill, but sepsis is often not documented by ambulance staff. Nondocumentation is associated with high mortality and could be resolved by assessing vital signs, particularly the temperature. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 24:36-43 Copyright (C) 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
- emergency medical services
- prehospital emergency care
- EMERGENCY MEDICAL-SERVICES
- SEPTIC SHOCK