BACKGROUND: Antenatal inflammation and maternal corticosteroids induce fetal lung maturation but interfere with late lung development. Canonical Wingless-It (Wnt) signaling directs lung development and repair. We showed that intraamniotic (IA) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure disrupted developmental signaling pathways in the preterm lamb lungs. Therefore, we hypothesized that pulmonary Wnt signaling was altered by exposure to IA LPS and/or antenatal corticosteroids. METHODS: Ovine fetuses were exposed to IA LPS, maternal intramuscular betamethasone, a control saline injection, or a combination thereof at 107 and/or 114 d gestational age (term = 150 d gestational age) before delivery at 121 d gestational age. RESULTS: IA LPS exposure decreased the lung expression of lymphoid enhancer-binding factor 1 (LEF1), a major Wnt pathway effector. WNT1, WNT4, and downstream messenger beta-catenin decreased after LPS exposure. WNT7b mRNA increased fourfold 14 d post LPS exposure. Betamethasone treatment 7 d before LPS exposure prevented the reduction in LEF1 expression, whereas betamethasone administration after LPS normalized the LPS-induced increase in Wnt7b mRNA. CONCLUSION: IA LPS exposure decreased canonical Wnt signaling in the developing lung. Antenatal corticosteroids before or after IA inflammation had different effects on pulmonary Wnt signaling. This study provides new insights into possible mechanisms by which prenatal inflammation affects lung development and how corticosteroid can be beneficial in this setting.