Alterations in Expression Pattern of Splicing Factors in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer and its Clinical Impact

Severine Iborra, Marc Hirschfeld, Markus Jaeger, Axel zur Hausen, Iona Braicu, Jalid Sehouli, Gerald Gitsch, Elmar Stickeler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Objective: Alternative splicing represents an important nuclear mechanism in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression, which is frequently altered during tumorigenesis. Previously, we described marked changes in alternative splicing of the CD44 gene in ovarian and breast cancer as well as specific induction of distinct splicing factors during tumor development. The present study was focused on the expression profiles of different splicing factors, including classical serine-arginine (SR) proteins including ASF/SF2, hTra2 beta 1, hTra2 alpha, and Y-box-binding protein (YB-1) in physiological and malignant epithelial ovarian tissue to evaluate their expression pattern with regard to tumor development and disease progression. Materials and Methods: Expression levels of the different splicing factors were analyzed in physiological epithelial ovarian tissue samples, primary tumors, and metastatic samples of patients with a diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer using quantified reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis. We examined more closely the splicing factor hTra2 beta 1 using Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry. Results: The analysis revealed a marked and specific induction of ASF/SF2, SRp20, hTra2 beta 1, and YB-1 in primary tumors as well as in their metastatic sites. However, in our patient cohort, no induction was seen for the other investigated splicing factors SRp55, SRp40, and hTra2 alpha. Conclusions: Our results suggest a specific induction of distinct splicing factors in ovarian cancer tumorigenesis. The involvement of hTra2 beta 1, YB-1, SRp20, and ASF/SF2 in exon recognition and alternative splicing may be important for gene regulation of alternatively spliced genes like CD44 with potential functional consequences in this tumor type leading to progression and metastasis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)990-996
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • Alternative splicing
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Splicing factors
  • hTra2
  • YB-1

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