alpha IIb beta 3 variants defined by next-generation sequencing: Predicting variants likely to cause Glanzmann thrombasthenia

Lorena Buitrago, Augusto Rendon, Yupu Liang, Ilenia Simeoni, Ana Negri, Marta Filizola, Willem H. Ouwehand, Barry S. Coller*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

31 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Next-generation sequencing is transforming our understanding of human genetic variation but assessing the functional impact of novel variants presents challenges. We analyzed missense variants in the integrin ?IIb?3 receptor subunit genes ITGA2B and ITGB3 identified by whole-exome or -genome sequencing in the ThromboGenomics project, comprising ?32,000 alleles from 16,108 individuals. We analyzed the results in comparison with 111 missense variants in these genes previously reported as being associated with Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT), 20 associated with alloimmune thrombocytopenia, and 5 associated with aniso/macrothrombocytopenia. We identified 114 novel missense variants in ITGA2B (affecting ?11% of the amino acids) and 68 novel missense variants in ITGB3 (affecting ?9% of the amino acids). Of the variants, 96% had minor allele frequencies (MAF) <0.1%, indicating their rarity. Based on sequence conservation, MAF, and location on a complete model of ?IIb?3, we selected three novel variants that affect amino acids previously associated with GT for expression in HEK293 cells. ?IIb P176H and ?3 C547G severely reduced ?IIb?3 expression, whereas ?IIb P943A partially reduced ?IIb?3 expression and had no effect on fibrinogen binding. We used receiver operating characteristic curves of combined annotation-dependent depletion, Polyphen 2-HDIV, and sorting intolerant from tolerant to estimate the percentage of novel variants likely to be deleterious. At optimal cut-off values, which had 69-98% sensitivity in detecting GT mutations, between 27% and 71% of the novel ?IIb or ?3 missense variants were predicted to be deleterious. Our data have implications for understanding the evolutionary pressure on ?IIb?3 and highlight the challenges in predicting the clinical significance of novel missense variants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E1898-E1907
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume112
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Apr 2015

Keywords

  • Glanzmann
  • integrin
  • single-nucleotide variants
  • next-generation sequencing
  • molecular modeling

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