All stakeholders matter in faculty development: designing entrustable professional activities for small group facilitation

(Muhammad) Zafar Iqbal

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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A contemporary challenge in faculty development activities is the lack of a framework that can help in designing structured training and in assessing the impact of training on teaching practices. Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) have been suggested as a plausible tool to systematically design faculty development programs and to entrust teachers. EPAs are professional tasks of any profession that, if performed competently, can lead to an entrustment decision. Entrustment is confiding trust in a person that s/he is eligible to conduct the professional task (EPA) independently and proficiently. This PhD project aimed at developing and validating a comprehensive EPA framework for small group teaching. To achieve this goal, all stakeholders – students, teachers and expert educationalists – were involved in the framework development. The EPA framework was first co-created by students and teachers, which was then validated by expert educationalists
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • van Merriënboer, Jeroen, Supervisor
  • Könings, Karen, Co-Supervisor
  • Al-Eraky, Mohamed Mostafa, Co-Supervisor, External person
Award date15 Dec 2020
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Print ISBNs9789464210781
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • entrustable professional activities
  • faculty development
  • teacher training
  • small group teaching
  • teaching evaluation

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