PURPOSE: Measuring vendors' compliance and possible change in compliance with the legal age limits on alcohol sales in 2011 and 2013. METHODS: In 2011 and 2013, representative mystery shopping studies were conducted. In total, 2,737 underage mystery shopping alcohol purchase attempts were conducted both in off-premise (supermarkets, liquor stores, and take away restaurants) and on-premise (bars and sports bars) outlets as well as from alcohol home delivery services. RESULTS: Average compliance increased significantly from 28.2% in 2011 to 46.5% in 2013, and asking proof of age (ID) also increased significantly from 43.9% in 2011 to 54.1% in 2013. CONCLUSIONS: Both asking proof of age and, ultimately, compliance with the legal age limits increased significantly. Nevertheless, still 53.5% of the adolescents could purchase alcohol themselves, which makes alcohol largely available through the various premises.
- Underage alcohol sales
- Mystery shopping
- Legal age limits
van Hoof, J. J., Roodbeen, R. T. J., Krokké, J., Gosselt, J. F., & Schelleman-Offermans, K. (2015). Alcohol Sales to Underage Buyers in the Netherlands in 2011 and 2013. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56(4), 468-470. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.11.025