Alcohol consumption, alcohol dehydrogenase 1C (ADH1C) genotype, and risk of colorectal cancer in the Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer.

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Abstract

Within the Netherlands Cohort Study (1986), we examined associations between alcohol consumption, the alcohol dehydrogenase 1C (ADH1C) genotype, and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). After a follow-up period of 7.3 years, 594 CRC cases with information on genotype and baseline alcohol intake were available for analyses. Adjusted incidence rate ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models. In subjects who reported to have consumed equal amounts of total alcohol both 5 years before baseline and at baseline, drinkers of >/=30g of alcohol per day with the ADH1C*2/*2 genotype were associated-although not statistically significant-with an increased risk of CRC relative to abstainers with the ADH1C*1/*1 genotype (RR: 1.91, 95% CI: 0.68, 5.34). The risk estimate in this exposure group increased slightly when compared with light drinkers of >/=0.5-<5g/day with the ADH1C*1/*1 genotype (RR: 2.32, 95% CI: 0.80, 6.72). The interaction term however, was not statistically significant (P>.05). In subjects who reported to have consumed equal amounts of total alcohol both 5 years before baseline and at baseline, drinkers of >/=30g of alcohol per day were associated-although not statistically significant-with an increased risk of CRC relative to abstainers (RR: 1.38, 95% CI: 0.80, 2.38). This risk estimate for high-level drinkers became stronger when compared with light drinkers (RR: 1.74, 95% CI: 1.01, 2.99). As main effect of genotype, we observed that the ADH1C*2/*2 genotype was associated with a 42% increase in risk of CRC when compared with the ADH1C*1/*1 genotype. In conclusion, both genotype and alcohol consumption were associated with an increased risk of CRC. Owing to limited statistical power, we found no apparent evidence for the ADH1C genotype as effect modifier of the relationship between alcohol intake and CRC. Nevertheless, the interaction deserves further investigation in larger genetic epidemiologic studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-225
Number of pages9
JournalAlcohol
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Alcohol dehydrogenase 1C
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Genetic epidemiology
  • Cohort study
  • The Netherlands
  • SCALE PROSPECTIVE COHORT
  • HUMAN-LIVER ALCOHOL
  • GENETIC-POLYMORPHISM
  • BREAST-CANCER
  • ALDEHYDE DEHYDROGENASES
  • HUMAN COLON
  • BASE-LINE
  • METAANALYSIS
  • ACETALDEHYDE
  • LOCALIZATION

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