Aggression Replacement Training for Violent Young Men in a Forensic Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic

Ruud H. J. Hornsveld*, Floris W. Kraaimaat, Peter Muris, Almar J. Zwets, Thijs Kanters

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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The effects of Aggression Replacement Training (ART) were explored in a group of Dutch violent young men aged 16 to 21 years, who were obliged by the court to follow a treatment program in a forensic psychiatric outpatient clinic. To evaluate the training, patients completed a set of self-report questionnaires at three moments in time: at intake/before a waiting period, after the waiting period/before the training, and after the training. During the waiting period, the patients did not change on most measures, although they displayed a significant increase in anger. The patients who completed the therapy scored significantly lower on psychopathy than the patients who dropped out. The training produced significant decreases in physical aggression and social anxiety and showed trends toward a decline in self-reported hostility, general aggression, and anger. After the training, the patients scored comparably with a reference group on measures of hostility and aggressive behavior. Altogether, these results provide tentative support for the efficacy of the ART for violent young men referred to forensic psychiatric outpatient settings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3174-3191
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015


  • aggression replacement training
  • violent young men
  • forensic psychiatric outpatients

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