Advanced glycation end products are associated with pulse pressure in type 1 diabetes: the EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study

M.T. Schram, C.G. Schalkwijk*, A.H. Bootsma, J.H. Fuller, N. Chaturvedi, C.D. Stehouwer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

36 Downloads (Pure)


We investigated the associations of pulse pressure (a measure of arterial stiffness) with the early glycation products hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and Amadori albumin and the advanced glycation end products pentosidine, Nepsilon-(carboxymethyl)lysine and Nepsilon-(carboxyethyl)lysine in a large group of type 1 diabetic individuals of the EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study. We did a cross-sectional nested case-control study from the EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study of 543 (278 men) European individuals with type 1 diabetes diagnosed at <36 years of age. We used linear regression analyses to investigate the association of pulse pressure with glycation products. Pulse pressure was significantly associated with plasma levels of Nepsilon-(carboxymethyl)lysine and Nepsilon-(carboxyethyl)lysine but not with HbA1c, Amadori albumin, and urinary levels of pentosidine. Regression coefficients adjusted for age, sex, mean arterial pressure, and duration of diabetes were 0.09 mm Hg (P=0.003) per 1 microM/M lysine Nepsilon-(carboxymethyl)lysine; 0.24 mm Hg (P=0.001) and -0.03 mm Hg (P=0.62) per 1 microM/M lysine Nepsilon-(carboxyethyl)lysine (in individuals with and without complications, respectively; P interaction=0.002); and 0.50 mm Hg (P=0.16) per 1% HbA1c; 0.07 mm Hg (P=0.12) per 1 U/mL Amadori albumin; and 0.77 mm Hg (P=0.48) per 1 nmol/mmol creatinine pentosidine. In young type 1 diabetic individuals, arterial stiffness is strongly associated with the advanced glycation end products Nepsilon-(carboxymethyl)lysine and Nepsilon-(carboxyethyl)lysine. These findings suggest that the formation of advanced glycation end products is an important pathway in the development of arterial stiffness in young type 1 diabetic individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-237
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005

Cite this