Addition of zoledronic acid to neoadjuvant chemotherapy does not enhance tumor response in patients with HER2-negative stage II/III breast cancer: the NEOZOTAC trial (BOOG 2010-01)

A. Charehbili, S. van de Ven, V. T. H. B. M. Smit, E. Meershoek-Klein Kranenbarg, N. A. T. Hamdy, H. Putter, J. B. Heijns, L. J. C. van Warmerdam, L. Kessels, M. Dercksen, M. J. Pepels, E. Maartense, H. W. M. van Laarhoven, B. Vriens, M. N. Wasser, A. E. van Leeuwen-Stok, G. J. Liefers, C. J. H. van de Velde, J. W. R. Nortier, J. R. Kroep*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The role of zoledronic acid (ZA) when added to the neoadjuvant treatment of breast cancer (BC) in enhancing the clinical and pathological response of tumors is unclear. The effect of ZA on the antitumor effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy has not prospectively been studied before. NEOZOTAC is a national, multicenter, randomized study comparing the efficacy of TAC (docetaxel, adriamycin and cyclophosphamide i.v.) followed by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor on day 2 with or without ZA 4 mg i.v. q 3 weeks inpatients withstage II/III, HER2-negative BC. We present data on the pathological complete response (pCR in breast and axilla), on clinical response using MRI, and toxicity. Post hoc subgroup analyses were undertaken to address the predictive value of menopausal status. Addition of ZA to chemotherapy did not improve pCR rates (13.2% for TAC+ZA versus 13.3% for TAC). Postmenopausal women (N = 96) had a numerical benefit from ZA treatment (pCR 14.0% for TAC+ZA versus 8.7% for TAC, P = 0.42). Clinical objective response did not differ between treatment arms (72.9% versus 73.7%). There was no difference in grade III/IV toxicity between treatment arms. Addition of ZA to neoadjuvant chemotherapy did not improve pathological or clinical response to chemotherapy. Further investigations are warranted in postmenopausal women with BC, since this subgroup might benefit from ZA treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)998-1004
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2014

Keywords

  • neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • zoledronic acid
  • bisphosphonates
  • menopausal status

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