BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) requires persistent presence of lupus anticoagulant (LAC), anticardiolipin (aCL) IgG/IgM, or anti-β2 glycoprotein I (aβ2GPI) IgG/IgM antibodies. Other antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) such as antiphosphatidylserine/prothrombin antibodies (aPS/PT) are promising in assessment of thrombotic APS (TAPS).
AIM: To evaluate the added value of aPS/PT IgG and IgM in TAPS.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: aPS/PT IgG/IgM, aCL IgG/IgM, aβ2GPI IgG/IgM, and LAC were determined in 757 patients (TAPS and controls). aPS/PT cut-off values were calculated, aPS/PT titers and positivity were compared between TAPS and controls, type of thrombosis, and antibody profiles. Likelihood ratios (LR), odds ratios (OR) and aPL-score were determined.
RESULTS: aPS/PT IgG and IgM were associated with TAPS and triple positivity. In-house calculated cut-offs were higher for IgM (43 units), compared to manufacturer's cut-off (30 units). Thresholds of 90 (IgG)/200 (IgM) units were determined as high-titer cut-off. Higher aPS/PT titers were observed in triple positive patients and showed higher LR and OR for TAPS. aPS/PT was independently associated with TAPS when adjusted for aCL/aβ2GPI, but not when adjusted for LAC. In isolated LAC positive patients, aPS/PT was positive in 27.1% TAPS patients and in 77.3% patients with autoimmune disease. Diagnostic value of aPL-score did not differ with and without including aPS/PT.
CONCLUSION: aPS/PT positivity, especially with high antibody titer, is associated with TAPS diagnosis. Analysis on top of current laboratory criteria is not essential in TAPS diagnosis, but aPS/PT could be useful in patients with thrombosis and a double positive aPL profile (aCL+/aβ2GPI+).
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis|
|Early online date||14 Jul 2022|
|Publication status||Published - Sept 2022|
- ANTI-PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE/PROTHROMBIN ANTIBODIES
- ANTICARDIOLIPIN ANTIBODIES
- DOMAIN I
- I ANTIBODIES
- PREDICT THROMBOSIS
- SYNDROME SCORE
- VENOUS THROMBOSIS
- antiphospholipid antibodies
- antiphospholipid syndrome