Background. The aim of this study was to validate five scales, based on a theoretical framework for the adoption of behaviours, designed to assess the determinants in binge drinking in adolescents, namely: attitude, social influence (model, norm and pressure) and self-efficacy.
Methods. Observational, cross-sectional and multicentre study. Through convenience sampling, 397 adolescents between 15 to 18 years old enrolled in secondary schools in Seville and Huelva were included. After translation and review of the original instrument by a panel of experts, a questionnaire was obtained in Spanish that was administered to a pilot sample to assess comprehensibility and, subsequently, the participants completed the five scales to check the structural validity (factor analysis and reliability) and construct validity.
Results. On the five scales, the first factor explained at least 28% of the variance and the total variance explained was always greater than 60%. After rotation, all items had weights >0.40 for the factor to which they belonged. Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.62 to 0.91. Spearman's coefficient was lower than 0.7 when correlating the sub-dimensions of the scales, except on the self-efficacy scale, assuming multidimensionality with certain limitations.
Conclusions. Five scales are presented with indications of reliability and validity, their items reflect the theoretical frame of reference and can evaluate the determinants of binge drinking. In the future, validation could be continued to determine its reproducibility, its criterion validity with a "gold standard" or objective measure.
|Translated title of the contribution
|Adaptation and validation of five scales to measure determinants of binge drinking in adolescents
|Number of pages
|Anales Del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
|Published - 2017
- Health behaviour
- Binge drinking
- Risk factors
- Validation studies
- COMPUTER-TAILORED GAME
- DUTCH ADOLESCENTS
- SUBSTANCE USE