Acute success and safety of the second-generation PVAC GOLD phased RF ablation catheter for atrial fibrillation

M.N. Klaver*, L.I.S. Wintgens, M.C.E.F. Wijffels, J.C. Balt, V.F. van Dijk, A. Alipour, S.M. Chaldoupi, R. Derksen, L.V.A. Boersma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose The second-generation multi-electrode catheter, pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC) GOLD, was designed to improve the delivery of phased radiofrequency energy and reduce procedure times using a 'single-shot' approach for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), while retaining efficacy and safety. This large registry presents acute success rates and safety outcomes in a daily practice setting. Methods A total of 1017 patients undergoing first-time ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) using PVAC GOLD were included, 644 patients with paroxysmal AF and 373 patients with non-paroxysmal AF, divided into 175 patients receiving PVI only and 198 patients receiving PVI with additional substrate modification. Results High and comparable percentages of successful PVI could be achieved in all groups (98%, 95% and 99%; p = 0.108). The median total procedure time for all groups was 90 min [70-100]. As expected, the total procedure, ablation and fluoroscopy time were significantly longer in the PVI + substrate modification group compared with the PVI-only cases (all p < 0.001), but not between the PVI-only groups (p = 0.306, p = 0.088, p = 0.233, respectively). A total of 44 complications were observed in 43 patients (4.2%). Major complications were seen in 19 patients (1.87%) and non-major procedure-related complications were seen in 25 patients (2.46%). Complications leaving permanent sequelae were rare and occurred in only four patients (0.39%). Complications did not differ between groups (p = 0.199, p = 0.438, p = 0.240 and p = 0.465 respectively). Conclusion PVAC GOLD performs successful PVI, while reducing procedure times and retaining safety for paroxysmal, persistent and long-standing persistent AF. Safety was unaffected by additional substrate modification.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-270
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021


  • 1st
  • asymptomatic cerebral embolism
  • atrial fibrillation
  • catheter ablation
  • cryoballoon
  • phased radiofrequency
  • pulmonary vein isolation
  • pvac gold
  • radiofrequency
  • safety
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Catheter ablation
  • Phased radiofrequency
  • 1ST
  • Safety
  • Pulmonary vein isolation

Cite this