Acute ischemic injury to the renal microvasculature in human kidney transplantation.

M.G. Snoeijs, H. Vink, N. Voesten, M.H. Christiaans, J.W. Daemen, A.G. Peppelenbosch, J.H.M. Tordoir, C.J. Peutz-Kootstra, W.A. Buurman, G.W.H. Schurink, E.L. van Heurn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Increased understanding of the pathophysiology of ischemic acute kidney injury in renal transplantation may lead to novel therapies that improve early graft function. Therefore, we studied the renal microcirculation in ischemically injured kidneys from donors after cardiac death (DCD) and in living donor kidneys with minimal ischemia. During transplant surgery, peritubular capillaries were visualized by sidestream dark-field imaging. Despite a profound reduction in creatinine clearance, total renovascular resistance of DCD kidneys was similar to that of living donor kidneys. In contrast, renal microvascular perfusion in the early reperfusion period was 42% lower in DCD kidneys compared to living donor kidneys, which was accounted for by smaller blood vessel diameters in DCD kidneys. Furthermore, DCD kidneys were characterized by smaller red blood cell exclusion zones in peritubular capillaries and by greater production of syndecan-1 and heparan sulphate (main constituents of the endothelial glycocalyx) compared to living donor kidneys, providing strong evidence for glycocalyx degradation in these kidneys. We conclude that renal ischemia and reperfusion is associated with reduced capillary blood flow and loss of glycocalyx integrity. These findings form the basis for development of novel interventions to prevent ischemic acute kidney injury.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F1134-F1140
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology
Volume299
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • ischemia-reperfusion injury
  • endothelial glycocalyx
  • TOLL-LIKE RECEPTOR-4
  • ENDOTHELIAL SURFACE-LAYER
  • DELAYED GRAFT FUNCTION
  • BLOOD-FLOW
  • PERITUBULAR CAPILLARIES
  • REPERFUSION INJURY
  • NITRIC-OXIDE
  • GLYCOCALYX
  • CELLS
  • HYALURONAN

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