Academic achievement and smoking: Is self-efficacy an important factor in understanding social inequalities in Finnish adolescents?

Marjaana Pennanen*, Ari Haukkala, Hein De Vries, Erkki Vartiainen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Web of Science)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-722
JournalScandinavian Journal of Public Health
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011


  • Academic achievement
  • attitudes
  • intention to smoke
  • self-efficacy
  • smoking behaviour
  • social influence

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