A within-statement baseline comparison for detecting lies

Brianna L. Verigin*, Ewout H. Meijer, Aldert Vrij

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

To make veracity judgements in individual cases, practitioners may rely on baselining. That is, they may evaluate a statement relative to a baseline statement that is known to be truthful. We investigated whether a within-statement verbal baseline comparison could enhance discriminatory accuracy. Participants (n = 148) read an alibi statement of a mock suspect and provided a veracity judgement regarding a critical two-hour period within the alibi statement. This critical element was either deceptive or truthful and was embedded into an otherwise truthful story. Half of the participants received additional instructions to use the surrounding truthful elements of the statement as a baseline. Instructing participants to make a within-statement baseline comparison did not improve the accuracy of credibility assessments
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalPsychiatry Psychology and Law
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • baseline technique
  • comparable truth
  • deception detection
  • interviewing techniques
  • veracity assessment
  • within-statement comparison
  • within-subjects lie detection
  • SMALL TALK
  • COMPARABLE TRUTH
  • DECEPTION

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