A within-statement baseline comparison for detecting lies

Brianna L. Verigin*, Ewout H. Meijer, Aldert Vrij

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

To make veracity judgements in individual cases, practitioners may rely on baselining. That is, they may evaluate a statement relative to a baseline statement that is known to be truthful. We investigated whether a within-statement verbal baseline comparison could enhance discriminatory accuracy. Participants (n = 148) read an alibi statement of a mock suspect and provided a veracity judgement regarding a critical two-hour period within the alibi statement. This critical element was either deceptive or truthful and was embedded into an otherwise truthful story. Half of the participants received additional instructions to use the surrounding truthful elements of the statement as a baseline. Instructing participants to make a within-statement baseline comparison did not improve the accuracy of credibility assessments
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-103
Number of pages10
JournalPsychiatry Psychology and Law
Volume28
Issue number1
Early online date1 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • baseline technique
  • comparable truth
  • deception detection
  • interviewing techniques
  • veracity assessment
  • within-statement comparison
  • within-subjects lie detection
  • SMALL TALK
  • COMPARABLE TRUTH
  • DECEPTION

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