A systematic review of outcomes in patients undergoing liver surgery in an enhanced recovery after surgery pathways

M.M. Coolsen, E.M. Wong-Lun-Hing, R.M. Van Dam, A.A. van der Wilt, K. Slim, K. Lassen, C.H. Dejong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) or fast-track protocols have been implemented in different fields of surgery to attenuate the surgical stress response and accelerate recovery. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature on outcomes of ERAS protocols applied in liver surgery. METHODS: The MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed and Cochrane Library databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), case-control studies and case series published between January 1966 and October 2011 comparing adult patients undergoing elective liver surgery in an ERAS programme with those treated in a conventional manner. The primary outcome measure was hospital length of stay (LoS). Secondary outcome measures were time to functional recovery, and complication, readmission and mortality rates. RESULTS: A total of 307 articles were found, six of which were included in the review. These comprised two RCTs, three case-control studies and one retrospective case series. Median LoS ranged from 4 days in an ERAS group to 11 days in a control group. Morbidity, mortality and readmission rates did not differ significantly between the groups. Only two studies assessed time to functional recovery. Functional recovery in these studies was reached 2 days before discharge. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review suggests that ERAS protocols can be successfully implemented in liver surgery. Length of stay is reduced without compromising morbidity, mortality or readmission rates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-251
Number of pages7
JournalHPB
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Keywords

  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIALS
  • COLORECTAL SURGERY
  • SURGICAL COMPLICATIONS
  • HEPATIC RESECTION
  • PROGRAMS
  • METAANALYSIS
  • PROTOCOL
  • SUCCESS
  • LENGTH
  • TRENDS

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