A Sucrose Mouth Rinse Does Not Improve 1-hr Cycle Time Trial Performance When Performed in the Fasted or Fed State

Jorn Trommelen, Milou Beelen, Marjan Mullers, Martin J. Gibala, Luc J. C. van Loon*, Naomi M. Cermak

*Corresponding author for this work

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Carbohydrate mouth rinsing during exercise has been suggested to enhance performance of short (45-60 min) bouts of high -intensity (>75% VO2peak) exercise. Recent studies indicate that this performance enhancing effect may be dependent on the prandial state of the athlete. The purpose of this study was to define the impact of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on similar to 1-hr time trial performance in both the fasted and fed states. Using a double-blind, crossover design, 14 trained male cyclists (27 +/- 6 years; 5.0 +/- 0.5 W.kg(-1)) were selected to perform 4 time trials of similar to 1 -hr (1,032 +/- 127 kJ) on a cycle ergometer while rinsing their mouths with a 6.4% sucrose solution (SUC) or a noncaloric sweetened placebo (PLA) for 5 s at the start and at every 12.5% of their set amount of work completed. Two trials were performed in an overnight fasted state and two trials were performed 2 h after consuming a standardized breakfast. Performance time did not differ between any of the trials (fasted-PLA: 68.6 +/- 7.2; fasted-SUC: 69.6 +/- 7.5; fed-PLA: 67.6 +/- 6.6; and fed-SUC: 69.0 +/- 6.3 min; Prandial State x Mouth Rinse Solution p = .839; main effect prandial state p = .095; main effect mouth rinse solution p = .277). In line, mean power output and heart rate during exercise did not differ between trials. In conclusion, a sucrose mouth rinse does not improve 1 -hr time trial performance in well-trained cyclists when performed in either the fasted or the fed state.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)576-583
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015


  • carbohydrate
  • postabsorptive
  • cycling

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