This paper shows that sensory-motor coordination contributes to the performance of situated models on the high-level task of artificial gaze control for gender recognition in static natural images. To investigate the advantage of sensory-motor coordination, we compare a non-situated model of gaze control with a situated model. The non-situated model is incapable of sensory-motor coordination. It shifts the gaze according to a fixed set of locations, optimised by an evolutionary algorithm. The situated model determines gaze shifts on the basis of local inputs in a visual scene. An evolutionary algorithm optimises the model's gaze control policy. In the experiments performed, the situated model outperforms the non-situated model. By adopting a Bayesian framework, we show that the mechanism of sensory-motor coordination is the cause of this performance difference. The essence is that the mechanism maximises task-specific information in the observations over time, by establishing dependencies between multiple actions and observations.
de Croon, G. C. H. E., Postma, E. O., & van den Herik, H. J. (2006). A situated model for sensory-motor coordination in gaze control. Pattern Recognition Letters, 27, 1181-1190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.patrec.2005.07.016