A short-term radiological and clinical comparison between the bi-cruciate and cruciate retaining total knee arthroplasty A retrospective case controlled study

S Kalaai*, Y F L Bemelmans, M Scholtes, M G M Schotanus, E H van Haaren, B Boonen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose: The aim of this study was to provide a short term comparison in radiological and clinical outcome between Bi-Cruciate Retaining (BCR)- and Cruciate Retaining (CR) Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA).

Methods: The cohort consists of 122 patients undergoing a TKA with PSI, equally distributed over the BCR- and CR-TKA group. Perioperative conditions were observed and radiological images were analysed pre-, 6-weeks, and 1-year postoperative to quantify alignment differences between BCR- and CR-TKA. Preoperatively predicted templates were compared with the implanted size to determine predictive value. In addition mean range of motion and revision rates were determined in both groups.

Results: No significant difference was observed in amount of outliers in component alignment between BCR- and CR-TKA. Outliers of the Hip-Knee-Ankle-Axis (HKA-axis) occurred significantly more frequent (P = 0.009) in the BCR-group (37.7%) compared to CR-TKA (18.0%). No clinically relevant differences regarding the predictive sizing of implant components was obtained. No significant differences were observed in revision rates (P = 1.000) and ROM (p = 0.425) between the BCR-groep and CR-group at 2-years FU.

Conclusion: This study illustrates that although the HKA-axis was not fully restored, bi-cruciate retaining surgical technique for BCR-TKA is safe and effective with comparable radiological and clinical outcome as CR TKA. Randomized controlled trials with longer follow up on the HKA-axis alignment and clinical parameters are needed to confirm the presented results and should focus on possible cut off values concerning leg axis in order to define in what patients a BCR-TKA can safely be used.

Level of evidence IV: Retrospective Case Controlled Study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-149
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

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