A Scoping Review on Air Quality Monitoring, Policy and Health in West African Cities

Celia Mir Alvarez, Renauld Hourcade, Bertrand Lefebvre, Eva Pilot*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Ambient air pollution is a global health threat that causes severe mortality and morbidity from respiratory, cardiovascular, and other diseases. Its impact is especially concerning in cities; as the urban population increases, especially in low- and middle-income countries, large populations risk suffering from these health effects. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) comprises 15 West African countries, in which many cities are currently experiencing fast growth and industrialization. However, government-led initiatives in air quality monitoring are scarce in ECOWAS countries, which makes it difficult to effectively control and regulate air quality and subsequent health issues. A scoping study was performed following the Arksey and O’Malley methodological framework in order to assess the precise status of air quality monitoring, related policy, and legislation in this region. Scientific databases and gray literature searches were conducted, and the results were contrasted through expert consultations. It was found that only two ECOWAS countries monitor air quality, and most countries have insufficient legislation in place. Public health surveillance data in relation to air quality data is largely unavailable. In order to address this, improved air quality surveillance, stricter and better-enforced regulations, regional cooperation, and further research are strongly suggested for ECOWAS.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9151
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2020


  • air quality
  • global health
  • monitoring
  • public health
  • urban health
  • air quality standards
  • TIME
  • DUST
  • air quality monitoring
  • urban air pollution
  • West Africa


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