A retrospective study on patients with chronic knee pain treated with ultrasound-guided radiofrequency of the genicular nerves (RECORGEN trial)

A. Belba, T. Vanneste, S.M.J. Van Kuijk, D. Mesotten, R. Mestrum, K. Van Boxem, A. Van Lantschoot, J. Bellemans, M. Van de Velde, J. Van Zundert*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction Radiofrequency (RF) treatment of the genicular nerves is a promising treatment for chronic osteoarthritic and persistent postsurgical knee pain (PPSP), refractory to conventional medical management. Methods The RECORGEN study is a retrospective single-center cohort study of patients treated with ultrasound-guided conventional RF of the genicular nerves for chronic knee pain in Hospital Oost-Limburg, Genk from September 2017 to June 2020. Subgroup analysis based on etiology of pain (PPSP and degenerative knee pain) was performed in addition to the total study population analysis. Outcome parameters were global perceived effect (GPE), Numeric Rating Scale for pain, consumption of strong opioids, and safety of the treatment at 6 weeks and cross-sectionally at a variable time point. Treatment success was defined as GPE >= 50%. Results Sixty-eight cases were screened of which 59 (46 diagnosed with PPSP and 13 with degenerative knee pain) were included in the study. Treatment success at 6 weeks was achieved in 19 of 59 interventions (32.2%) and was similar in both groups. Seventeen responders were evaluated at follow-up. 45.1% (8/17) continued to have a positive effect at the second time point. The mean duration of effect of the RF treatment was 8.3 months. Safety analysis at 6 weeks and at the second time point showed a good safety profile of the treatment. Conclusion Conventional RF of the genicular nerves was clinically successful in more than 30% of the study population refractory to conventional medical management. Overall, the treatment was well tolerated. The mean duration of effect was 8.3 months.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-348
Number of pages9
JournalPain Practice
Issue number3
Early online date9 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • chronic knee pain
  • genicular nerves
  • osteoarthritis
  • persistent postsurgical pain
  • radiofrequency ablation

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