A replication study of genetic risk loci for ischemic stroke in a Dutch population: a case-control study

Allard J. Hauer, Sara L. Pulit, Leonard H. van den Berg, Paul I. W. de Bakker, Jan H. Veldink, Dutch Parelsnoer Inst-Cerebrovasc, Robert Jan van Oostenbrugge, Ynte M. Ruigrok*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

We aimed to replicate reported associations of 10 SNPs at eight distinct loci with overall ischemic stroke (IS) and its subtypes in an independent cohort of Dutch IS patients. We included 1,375 IS patients enrolled in a prospective multicenter hospital-based cohort in the Netherlands, and 1,533 population-level controls of Dutch descent. We tested these SNPs for association with overall IS and its subtypes (large artery atherosclerosis, small vessel disease and cardioembolic stroke (CE), as classified by TOAST) using an additive multivariable logistic regression model, adjusting for age and sex. We obtained odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for the risk allele of each SNP analyzed and exact p-values by permutation. We confirmed the association at 4q25 (PITX2) (OR 1.43; 95% CI, 1.13-1.81, p = 0.029) and 16q22 (ZFHX3) (OR 1.62; 95% CI, 1.26-2.07, p = 0.001) as risk loci for CE. Locus 16q22 was also associated with overall IS (OR 1.24; 95% CI, 1.08-1.42, p = 0.016). Other loci previously associated with IS and/or its subtypes were not confirmed. In conclusion, we validated two loci (4q25, 16q22) associated with CE. In addition, our study may suggest that the association of locus 16q22 may not be limited to CE, but also includes overall IS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12175
Number of pages5
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION
  • ATHEROSCLEROTIC STROKE
  • ATRIAL-FIBRILLATION
  • VARIANTS
  • METAANALYSIS
  • SUBTYPES
  • HISTORY

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