A referral aid for smoking cessation interventions in primary care: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Danielle N. Zijlstra*, Jean W. M. Muris, Catherine Bolman, J. Mathis Elling, Vera E. R. A. Knapen, Hein de Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background:

To expedite the use of evidence-based smoking cessation interventions (EBSCIs) in primary care and to thereby increase the number of successful quit attempts, a referral aid was developed. This aid aims to optimize the referral to and use of EBSCIs in primary care and to increase adherence to Dutch guidelines for smoking cessation.

Methods:

Practice nurses (PNs) will be randomly allocated to an experimental condition or control condition, and will then recruit smoking patients who show a willingness to quit smoking within six months. PNs allocated to the experimental condition will provide smoking cessation guidance in accordance with the referral aid. Patients from both conditions will receive questionnaires at baseline and after six months. Cessation effectiveness will be tested via multilevel logistic regression analyses. Multiple imputations as well as intention to treat analysis will be performed. Intervention appreciation and level of informed decision-making will be compared using analysis of (co)variance. Predictors for appreciation and informed decision-making will be assessed using multiple linear regression analysis and/or structural equation modeling. Finally, a cost-effectiveness study will be conducted.

Discussion:

This paper describes the study design for the development and evaluation of an information and decision tool to support PNs in their guidance of smoking patients and their referral to EBSCIs. The study aims to provide insight into the (cost) effectiveness of an intervention aimed at expediting the use of EBSCIs in primary care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22
Number of pages12
JournalPrimary health care research & development
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2021

Keywords

  • evidence-based interventions
  • general practice
  • nurse practitioners
  • primary care
  • smoking cessation
  • CLINICAL-PRACTICE GUIDELINE
  • GENERAL-PRACTITIONERS
  • BOGUS PIPELINE
  • SELF-REPORT
  • VARENICLINE
  • VALIDATION
  • DEPENDENCE
  • ADHERENCE
  • EFFICACY
  • VALIDITY

Cite this