BackgroundVentilation through small-diameter tubes typically precludes use of a cuff as this will impede the necessary passive outflow of gas alongside the tube's outer surface. Ventrain assists expiration and enables oxygenation and normoventilation through small-bore cannulas or catheters, particularly in obstructed airways. A small-bore ventilation catheter (SBVC; 40 cm long, 2.2 mm inner diameter) with a separate pressure monitoring lumen and a cuff was developed. Efficacy of oxygenation and ventilation with Ventrain through this catheter was investigated in sealed and open airways in a porcine cross-over study. MethodsSix pigs were ventilated with Ventrain (15 l/min oxygen, frequency 30 breaths per min, I : E-ratio 1 : 1) through the SBVC, both with the cuff inflated and deflated. Prior to each test they were ventilated conventionally until steady state was achieved. ResultsWith an inflated cuff, PaO2 rose instantly and remained elevated (median [range] PaO2 61 [52-69] kPa after 30 min; P = 0.027 compared to baseline). PaCO2 remained stable at 4.9 [4.2-6.2] kPa. After cuff deflation, PaO2 was significantly lower (9 [5-28] kPa at 10 min, P = 0.028) and interventional ventilation had to be stopped prematurely in five pigs as PaCO2 exceeded 10.6 kPa. Pulmonary artery pressures increased markedly in these pigs. Intratracheal pressures were kept between 5 and 20 cmH(2)O with the cuff inflated, but never exceeded 2 cmH(2)O after cuff deflation. ConclusionThe SBVC combines the benefits of a small diameter airway and a cuff. Cuff inflation optimizes oxygenation and ventilation with Ventrain.
- LARYNGEAL SURGERY