A prospective study to assess the effectiveness and safety of the BlueWind System in the treatment of patients diagnosed with urgency urinary incontinence

John P. F. A. Heesakkers*, Philip Toozs-Hobson, Suzette E. Sutherland, Alex Digesu, Cindy L. Amundsen, Rebecca J. Mccrery, Stefan De Wachter, Emily R. Kean, Frank Martens, Kevin Benson, Kimberly L. Ferrante, Kevin J. Cline, Osvaldo F. Padron, Laura Giusto, Felicia L. Lane, Roger R. Dmochowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BackgroundOveractive bladder (OAB) affects one in six adults in Europe and the United States and impairs the quality of life of millions of individuals worldwide. When conservative management fails, third-line treatments including tibial neuromodulation (TNM) is often pursued. TNM has traditionally been accomplished percutaneously in clinic.ObjectiveA minimally invasive implantable device activated by a battery-operated external wearable unit has been developed for the treatment of urgency urinary incontinence (UUI), mitigating the burden of frequent clinic visits and more invasive therapies that are currently commercially available.MethodsA prospective, multicenter, single-arm, open-label, pivotal study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the device in adult females with UUI (i.e., wet OAB) (BlueWind Implantable Tibial Neuromodulation [iTNM] system; IDE number #G200013; NCT03596671). Results with the device were previously published under the name RENOVA iStim, which has been since renamed as the Revi (TM) System. Approximately 1-month post-implantation of the device, participants delivered therapy at their convenience and completed a 7-day voiding diary before visits 6- and 12-months post-treatment initiation. The primary efficacy and safety endpoints were the proportion of responders to therapy ( >= 50% improvement on average number of urgency-related incontinence episodes) and incidence of adverse events from implantation to 12-month post-activation.ResultsA total of 151 participants, mean age 58.8 (SD: 12.5), were implanted; 144 and 140 completed the 6- and 12-month visits, respectively. The participants demonstrated mean baseline of 4.8 UUI/day (SD 2.9) and 10 voids/day (SD 3.3). Six and 12-months post-activation, 76.4% and 78.4% of participants, respectively, were responders to therapy in an intent-to-treat analysis. Of the 139 participants with completed 12-month diaries, 82% were responders, 50% were classified as "dry" (on at least 3 consecutive diary days), and 93.5% of participants reported that their symptoms improved. No implanted participant experienced an SAE related to the procedure or device.ConclusionsiTNM, delivered and powered by a patient-controlled external wearable communicating with an implant, demonstrated clinically meaningful and statistically significant improvement in UUI symptoms and a high safety profile. This therapy highlights the value of patient-centric therapy for the treatment of UUI.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalNeurourology and Urodynamics
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2024


  • neuromodulation
  • overactive bladder
  • patient centric therapy
  • tibial implantable neuromodulation
  • urgency urinary incontinence


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