A prospective study on changes in blood levels of cholecystokinin-8and leptin in patients with refractory epilepsy treated with theketogenic diet

Danielle A.J.E. Lambrechts, Evelyn Brandt-Wouters, Pauline Verschuure, Johan Vles, Marian Majoie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the changes in serum CCK-8 and leptin levels in patients with refractory epilepsy treated with the ketogenic diet (KD).

Methods: In this prospective study, patients aged between one and 40 years with refractory epilepsy were included. CCK-8 and leptin were measured in serum at baseline and after three and 12 months of treatment with the KD using an enzyme-linked Immunoabsorbant Assay. Seizure frequency and responsiveness were calculated.

Results: Fifty-four patients were included; 26 patients (48%) were still on the KD at 12 months. After three and 12 months, respectively, 39% and 26% were responders. CCK-8 values were statistically significantly increased at three months (p=0.005) and 12 months (p=0.012). In responders, at three months follow-up, this increase of CCK-8 was significant (p = 0.020), whereas in the non-responders it was not (p = 0.34). Leptin values were decreased at three and 12 months, the decrease at three months being statistically significant in post-pubertal men (p=0.028) and post-pubertal women (p=0.007).

Significance: In responders to the KD, serum CCK-8 increased statistically significantly during treatment at three months. Serum leptin decreased statistically significantly at three months in men and in postpubertal women. It is plausible that the increase of CCK-8 and the decrease of leptin contribute to the anti-convulsive effect of the KD. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87–92
Number of pages6
JournalEpilepsy Research
Volume127
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Ketogenic diet
  • Refractory epilepsy
  • Mechanism of action
  • Cholecystokinin-8
  • Leptin
  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • VAGUS NERVE-STIMULATION
  • INDUCED SEIZURES
  • CARBOHYDRATE DIET
  • FOOD-INTAKE
  • RATS
  • EFFICACY
  • MECHANISMS
  • CHILDREN
  • MICE

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