A Proposed Method for Accurate 3D Analysis of Cochlear Implant Migration Using Fusion of Cone Beam CT

G. Dees*, M. van Hoof, Robert Stokroos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction: The goal of this investigation was to compare fusion of sequential cone beam computerized tomography (CT) volumes to the gold standard (fiducial registration) in order to be able to analyze clinical cochlear implant (CI) migration with high accuracy in three dimensions.

Materials and methods: Paired cone beam CT volumes were performed on five human cadaver temporal bones and one human subject. These volumes were fused using 3D Slicer 4 and BRAINSFit software. Using a gold standard fiducial technique, the accuracy, robustness, and performance time of the fusion process were assessed.

Results: This proposed fusion protocol achieves a subvoxel median Euclidean distance of 0.05 mm in human cadaver temporal bones and 0.16 mm (mean) when applied to the described in vivo human synthetic data set in over 95% of all fusions. Performance times are <2 min.

Conclusion: Here, a new and validated method based on existing techniques is described, which could be used to accurately quantify migration of CI electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2
Number of pages5
JournalFrontiers in Surgery
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2016


  • cochlear implant
  • migration
  • registration
  • cone beam CT

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