A Primrose Path? Moderating Effects of Age and Gender in the Association between Green Space and Mental Health

Elisabeth H. Bos*, Leon van der Meulen, Marieke Wichers, Bertus F. Jeronimus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This paper explored whether the association between green space and mental health is moderated by age and gender. Questionnaires on psychopathology and quality of life were filled out by 4924 individuals from the general Dutch population and regressed on greenness levels. Green space was associated with better mental health, but only in specific age and gender groups, and only in a 3 km, not a 1 km buffer. The moderating effects of age and gender may be explained by whether or not people have the opportunity to make use of their green living environment.
Original languageEnglish
Article number492
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2016


  • green environment
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • stress
  • quality of life

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