Background: Rosiglitazone (a PPARg agonist) has shown beneficial effects on memory and executive function tasks in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) Objective(s): To examine the use of standard clinical measures (e.g ADAS-cog) and experimental measures of simple and choice reaction time (examining attention, visuospatial abilities, executive function) to detect cognitive decline and drug effects in a subset of mild to moderate AD patients involved in a 24 week phase 2b trial of rosiglitazone. Methods: Simple reaction time (SRT) (mean time to respond to a change in colour of a centrally presented target), and choice reaction time (CRT) (the mean time to correctly respond to a target changing colour in either the left or right visual field) data were collected at baseline and 24 weeks in addition to ADAS-cog in a subset of 56 patients from the main trial. The subset was divided approximately equally between 2mg, 4mg, 8mg rosiglitazone and placebo treatments throughout the study. Results: Across the study as whole (511 patients in ITT population), and in the subset, no differentiation was seen between placebo and rosiglitazone groups on the ADAS-cog at 24 weeks2. Similarly, in the subset studied, SRT remained stable and did not differentiate between groups. However, placebo treated patients showed increased reaction times (slower to respond) on the CRT task at 24 weeks, relative to rosiglitazone treated patients. Their deterioration in this measure of attention and executive functions over time was greater than that of all 3 rosiglitazone groups, with an exploratory analysis reaching statistical significance indicating the greatest effects with the 2 mg and 4 mg rosiglitazone. This effect was particularly marked for targets in the left visual field. Recent evidence suggests a link between reduced attention and preferential bias to the right side of space[3,4]. The left-right asymmetry in performance seen in our placebo group at 24 weeks but not at baseline, offers further evidence of reduced attention and executive functions with disease progression. Conclusions: Simple computerised tasks, e.g. choice reaction time task, may be useful to measure decline in placebo group and beneficial drug effects in small studies. REFERENCES 1. Watson GS, Cholerton B, Reger MA, et al (2005). Preserved cognition during rosiglitazone treatment in early Alzheimer’s disease. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 13: 950-958. 2. Risner M, Saunders AM, Altman JFB, et al (2005). Efficacy of rosiglitazone in a genetically defined population with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease. The Pharmacogenetics Journal : in press online, 31 Jan 2006. 3. Robertson, IH (2001). Do we need 'lateral' in unilateral neglect? Spatially non-selective attention deficits in unilateral neglect and their implications for rehabilitation. NeuroImage 14: S85-S90. 4. Meguro K, Shimada M, Someya K, et al (2001). Hemispatial visual-searching impairment correlated with decreased dontralateral parietal blood flow in Alzheimer’s disease. Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, & Behavioral Neurology 14(4):213-218.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2006|
|Event||Alzheimer's Association 10th International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders - |
Duration: 1 Jan 2006 → 1 Jan 2006
|Conference||Alzheimer's Association 10th International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders|
|Period||1/01/06 → 1/01/06|