Combining robust proteomics instrumentation with high-throughput enabling liquid chromatography (LC) systems (e.g., timsTOF Pro and the Evosep One system, respectively) enabled mapping the proteomes of 1000s of samples. Fragpipe is one of the few computational protein identification and quantification frameworks that allows for the time-efficient analysis of such large data sets. However, it requires large amounts of computational power and data storage space that leave even state-of-the-art workstations underpowered when it comes to the analysis of proteomics data sets with 1000s of LC mass spectrometry runs. To address this issue, we developed and optimized a Fragpipe-based analysis strategy for a high-performance computing environment and analyzed 3348 plasma samples (6.4 TB) that were longitudinally collected from hospitalized COVID-19 patients under the auspice of the Immunophenotyping Assessment in a COVID-19 Cohort (IMPACC) study. Our parallelization strategy reduced the total runtime by ∼90% from 116 (theoretical) days to just 9 days in the high-performance computing environment. All code is open-source and can be deployed in any Simple Linux Utility for Resource Management (SLURM) high-performance computing environment, enabling the analysis of large-scale high-throughput proteomics studies.