We report a novel mitochondrial m.4414T>C variant in the mt-tRNA(Met) (MT-TM) gene in an adult patient with chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia and myopathy whose muscle biopsy revealed focal cytochrome c oxidase (COX)-deficient and ragged red fibres. The m.4414T>C variant occurs at a strongly evolutionary conserved sequence position, disturbing a canonical base pair and disrupting the secondary and tertiary structure of the mt-tRNA(Met). Definitive evidence of pathogenicity is provided by clear segregation of m.4414T>C mutant levels with COX deficiency in single muscle fibres. Interestingly, the variant is present in skeletal muscle at relatively low levels (30%) and undetectable in accessible, non-muscle tissues from the patient and her asymptomatic brother, emphasizing the continuing requirement for a diagnostic muscle biopsy as the preferred tissue for mtDNA genetic investigations of mt-tRNA variants leading to mitochondrial myopathy. (C) 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Sept 2019|
- Mitochondrial disease
- Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia
- mtDNA variant