BACKGROUND: Postoperative adhesions remain a major clinical problem after abdominal surgery. We evaluated the efficacy of a new poly(trimethylene carbonate) (PTMC) film as an antiadhesive material. In many abdominal operations, there is an increased risk of fecal contamination; the risk of (increased) infection in presence of PTMC film was studied in 2 additional animal models. METHODS: A validated rat adhesion model with peritoneal ischemic buttons was used to compare the new PTMC film with a hyaluronate carboxymethylcellulose (HA-CMC) sheet, icodextrin solution, and a control group. Primary endpoint was occurrence of adhesions at the ischemic buttons after 14 days in 44 rats (n = 11 per group). To evaluate potential risks associated with the film, both an anastomotic leakage model and a cecal ligation and puncture model were used. Kruskal-Wallis tests with subsequent Mann-Whitney tests were used to detect differences between groups. RESULTS: PTMC film showed a significant reduction in the amount of adhesions (median, 0.5 buttons) compared with control group (median, 4 buttons; P < .001) and icodextrin group (median, 4.5; P < .001). The amount of adhesions was similar to the HA-CMC group (median, 2; P = .04). The presence of the film did not increase the risk of anastomotic leakage or bacterial growth in a contaminated environment. CONCLUSION: The presence of a PTMC film leads to a significant reduction in the amount of adhesions after 14 days in an ischemic button rat model. Furthermore, this film was found to be safe in an animal model, even in complex abdominal operations with an increased risk of fecal contamination.