A New 35-mm Short Intra-aortic Balloon Catheter A Suitable Option Also for Non-Small-Sized Patients?

Sandro Gelsomino*, Pieter Willem Lozekoot, Roberto Lorusso, Monique Maria de Jong, Orlando Parise, Francesco Matteucci, Fabiana Luca, Narendra Kumar, Eshan Sadeghian Dehkord, Salvatore Mario Romano, Gian Franco Gensini, Mark La Meir, Josephus Gregorius Maessen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Objective: Visceral ischemia can be a potentially life-threatening complication of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) support. A shorter IABP catheter might lead to a reduction of visceral complications. In this animal study, we evaluate the effects of a 35-mL short catheter in comparison with a 40-mL standard-sized catheter. Methods: Eighteen healthy swine underwent 120-minute ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery followed by 6 hours of reperfusion being supported by either a short IABP catheter (short group) (n = 6) or a long IABP catheter (long group) (n = 6) or with no assistance (controls) (n = 6). Hemodynamics, visceral and coronary flows, as well as biochemical markers were evaluated throughout the different phases of the protocol. Results: Mesenteric flows increased significantly at reperfusion (P <0.001 both) remaining constant afterward (all, P > 0.05) in the short group, while remaining significantly lower in the long group at the start of reperfusion, remaining constantly lower than the short group and controls (P <0.001 vs short, P <0.003 vs controls). In both long and short groups, catheters improved renal flows at reperfusion (P <0.001 both) without any further variation (P > 0.05). In the short group, the flows were higher during the whole of reperfusion (all, P <0.05). Intraaortic balloon pump support improved hemodynamic indices and coronary blood flows during reperfusion to a similar extent in both the small and the long group (P > 0.05). Conclusions: The short IABP catheter proved to be as effective as the standard-sized catheter in supporting hemodynamics and coronary circulation. Furthermore, it even improves visceral flows in comparison with conventional IABP catheters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-53
JournalInnovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Myocardial infarction
  • Intra-aortic balloon pump
  • Circulatory support
  • Visceral ischemia

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