A Narrative Review of the Government Wheelchair Provision System in India

S. Gupta*, A. Meershoek, L. De Witte

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review


Background and aim: India has had a wheelchair-delivery system in place for several years but its impact on users is inadequate. Therefore, this research reviews the system to examine how the right to personal mobility can be served better. Method: this paper undertakes a narrative review of the existing government-aided wheelchair provision system from the perspectives of legislation and implementing agencies, both governmental and non-governmental, through document review and key informant interviews. Results: the results indicate that all steps of the government-funded wheelchair provision system are executed by the same system. Manufacture and supply take place nationally, but wheelchair services are largely absent. Moreover, the right to access mobility devices is not upheld for all users. Conclusion: the established government-aided wheelchair provision system is inadequate in terms of coverage, design, production, supply, and wheelchair services. Therefore, there is a need to reconsider the system by increasing its coverage and creating partnerships between the government, non-governmental agencies, and private agencies to improve access.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5109
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021


  • wheelchair provision
  • India
  • wheelchair services
  • procurement
  • right to mobility
  • rural areas


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